What is Changi East?

Spanning a massive 1,080 hectares, the Changi East development will provide future capacity for Changi Airport. The development will serve to secure Singapore’s air hub status and ensure its continued competitiveness and relevance.

As Changi Airport’s largest expansion project to date, the development includes:

  • Changi Airport’s fifth terminal, Terminal 5 (T5)
  • A three-runway system
  • The construction of tunnels and other underground systems
  • Landside and aviation support facilities
  • The Changi East Industrial Zone

Spanning a massive 1,080 hectares, the Changi East development will provide future capacity for Changi Airport to ride on the projected growth in air travel. The development will serve to secure Singapore’s air hub status and ensure its continued competitiveness and relevance.

As Changi Airport’s largest expansion project to date, the development includes:

  • Changi Airport’s fifth terminal, Terminal 5 (T5)
  • A three-runway system
  • The construction of tunnels and other underground systems
  • Landside and aviation support facilities
  • The Changi East Industrial Zone

Fast Facts About Changi East

  • Total area of works is equivalent to 667 football fields
  • Total pavement length in the development is equivalent to Singapore’s Pan Island Expressway
  • Total length of on-site drainage is equivalent to the length of 435 MRT trains

T5 and Supporting Infrastructure

Terminal 5 is a project undertaken by Changi Airport Group, the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore, and the Ministry of Transport. The Singapore government has announced a pause in the T5 project to conduct a study on the future of aviation in the years following the Covid-19 pandemic.

T5 will be linked to the other terminals at Changi Airport, allowing the expanded Changi Airport to be operated as a single, integrated airport for ease of transfer between different terminals with airfield operational efficiency. New facilities, such as navigation aids, airfield lighting systems and a fire station will also be constructed.

Three-runway system

The existing third runway, previously used only by the military, has been extended from 2.75km to 4km to handle larger passenger aircraft, and converted for joint military-civilian use.

Under the three-runway programme, almost 40km of new taxiways will also be built to connect the runway with the rest of Changi Airport. This three-runway system is scheduled for operationalisation by the mid-2020s.

Changi East Industrial Zone

Expansion of Cargo Facilites

Changi Airport’s cargo facilities, currently located at the Changi Airfreight Centre, will be expanded to the Changi East Industrial Zone (CEIZ) as part of the Changi East Development.

The zone will be developed for airfreight, air express and Maintenance, Repair and Operations (MRO) activities. Together with the remodelled Changi Airfreight Centre, Changi’s handling capabilities will increase from 3 million tonnes per annum today, to 5.4 million tonnes per annum in its end-state, when the project is completed.

A Smart Air Cargo Hub

The future expanded air cargo hub will be smarter, more connected and more efficient. The use of data and technology with a focus on automation will reduce processing time, and improve productivity and cargo visibility.

Strategic infrastructure planning will ensure greater operational efficiency, with dedicated lanes for autonomous guided vehicles. Direct access to freighter aircraft from cargo and express terminals will also speed up cargo flows.

With environmental and workplace sustainability in mind, the new air cargo hub will feature eco-friendly handling equipment, convenient amenities and a land transport network for staff.

The above information is accurate as of 1 October 2021.

Development Milestones

 

2014: Start of land preparation works. Planning for T5 begins, including functional design studies and concept development for the terminal.

2015: CAG launches the first of several packages of works to put in place the three-runway system. The works include pavement works, drainage works, security fencing and perimeter roads, mechanical and electrical works, as well as supporting works, such as major services and road diversions.

2018: CAG announces the appointment of the Master Building Consultants, comprising three teams that will provide architectural design and engineering consultancy services for the development of T5. Master Civil Consultants are also appointed; they will provide consultancy services for the design of infrastructure at the landside and airside areas outside of the T5 buildings.

2020: A review of T5 is underway, to determine ways to design and build T5 in a modular fashion, and to review requirements resulting from the Covid-19 pandemic.

Frequently Asked Questions

The Changi East development is Changi Airport’s largest development to date, and consists of various programmes. This includes Changi Airport’s T5, a three-runway system, the construction of tunnels and other underground systems, landside and aviation support, as well as the Changi East Industrial Zone.

The Changi East development will ensure that Changi Airport  is ready to handle future growth in air travel and the Singapore air hub cancontinue to contribute to the country’s long-term economic development. 

Changi Airport's T5 is one of the key programmes under the Changi East development. Scheduled for completion in the 2030s, T5 will increase Changi’s capacity by up to 50 million passengers per annum in its initial phase. The terminal will enable Changi Airport to safely and effectively handle the projected large volumes of air traffic in the medium- to long-term.

The new facilities will enable Changi Airport to be operated as a single, integrated airport across terminals, and offer a more seamless travel experience. Building a larger terminal also allows airline groups to be housed in a single terminal instead of performing split terminal operations. Airlines can also look forward to greater partnerships and network opportunities.

 

Works at Changi East are progressively taking place, with different completion dates for its various programmes. The three-runway system will be among the first of the Changi East development works to be completed and it is expected to be operationalised in the mide-2020s. The three-runway system will reduce congestion in the airside, allowing for more flight movements in a safe and efficient manner.

A review of T5 is underway, to determine ways to design and build T5 in a modular fashion, and to review requirements resulting from the Covid-19 pandemic.

Funding for Changi East will come from three parties—the Singapore Government, Changi Airport Group (CAG) and airport users (including airlines and passengers). The Singapore Government will fund the majority of the project’s development cost.

CAG will commit a substantial portion of its reserves and future surpluses, including earnings from its airport concessions, to the development.

Since July 2018, the Government has introduced a new Airport Development Levy (ADL) for passengers departing from Changi Airport to help fund the Changi East development. At the same time, the Passenger Service and Security Fee (PSSF) for all origin-destination passengers was also increased, along with revisions to the landing, parking and aerobridge (LPA) fees charged to airlines.